The city of hats Bécal, Campeche, Mexico.
By tanyadominguez | On 06/08/2017 | Comments (0)
Written by: Tanya D.
In the municipality of Calkini, in the north of the Mexican state of Campeche, lies the town of Bécal, known as the "cradle of jipi and palm hats".
The "jipi-japa" or Carludovica palmata is a species of plant that belongs to the Cyclanthaceae family. It is not a palm proper because it measures between 1.5 and 2.5m and does not have a large stem. However, it is very resistant because used to make basketry and hats. After three years of cultivation, it is collected and worked.
The palm of Chiit, known in the Yucatan Peninsula as "Huano" is a palm that measures between 3-7 m in length whose leaves are used to make hats and basketry. Basketry was of great importance in Mayan culture; It allowed them to perfect other methods such as interlacing or crosslinking. After the Spanish conquest was the basis for the manufacture of local fiber hats, including the "huano".
The production of palm hats of "huano" or "jipi" and basketwork in general, is done in cellars, because they allow to keep the freshness and humidity required to work. This activity is carried out for most of the 11,000 inhabitants of the city; In each house there is a cellar in the garden to produce these products which require on average an hour and a half of braiding, depending on the size of the items.
The outside temperature is 35 ° C on average, so it is better to work in good conditions for the raw material and craftsman!
Here is a video presentation of our collaborator, the restaurant Ki'Janal which makes us know the city of Bécal and its palm handicraft.
You will find in the solidarity shop hats from theKi janal collection hand-woven in 100% ecological palm. It's not too late to protect you from the sun while contributing to development!